Joshua Reynolds

English Rococo Painter, Collector & Writer

1723 - 1792

 

 

Sir Joshua Reynolds

was one of the most important and influential of 18th century English painters, specializing in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style"

in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect.  

He was one of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy.

George III appreciated his merits and knighted him in 1769.  

 

George III: 1761

 
George III (1738-1820), king of Great Britain.

 

 

George III: 1759

  

Samuel Johnson: 1756-57

Samuel Johnson (1709-84)
was a poet, essayist, literary critic, dramatist and author of
the celebrated Dictionary of the English Language (1755),
son of Michael Johnson, bookseller, and his wife, Sarah Ford.

   

Edmund Burke

 
Edmund Burke first found fame in 1757
as the author of a treatise on aesthetics,
A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful.
In it he examines the conflicting emotions aroused
by pain, terror and immensity.

  

Giuseppe Baretti: 1773

 
Giuseppe Marc'Antonio Baretti was a literary critic and translator.
By the early 1770's he was employed as a live-in tutor in Italian and Spanish
to Henry Thrale's eldest daughter, Hester Maria.

 

Mrs Henry Thrale with Her Daughter: 1777

 

 
 
Henry Thrale

  

 

David Garrick Between Tragedy and Comedy: 1760-61

 

David Garrick (1717-1779), British actor, playwright and theater manager
was descended from a French Protestant family
named Garric or Garrique of Bordeaux, which had settled in England.

 

David Garrick: 1767

 

 

Angelica Kauffmann - Self Portrait: 1760's

 

With his rival Thomas Gainsborough,

Reynolds was the dominant English portraitist of 'the Age of Johnson'.  

It is said that in his long life he painted as many as three thousand portraits.

In 1789 he lost the sight of his left eye,

which finally forced him into retirement and,

on 23 February 1792, he died in his house in Leicester Fields, London.

He is buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.   

 

 

A Fortune Teller: 1777-1778

  

A Strawberry Girl: 1773

 

 

Adam Ferguson: 1781-82

 

Adam Ferguson was an eminent Scottish philosopher and historian.
He was recognized as the father of modern sociology for his writings,
particularly the Principles of Moral and Political Science 1792.

  

Alexander, 10th Duke of Hamilton: 1782

 

 

Anne, Countess of Albemarle: 1759

 

The Countess of Albemarle was begun in 1757,
three years after the death of her husband.
The second Earl died suddenly in Paris,
(leaving his family in debt),
and Reynolds's portrait was not paid for until 1773. 
 
The sitter was the mother of Reynolds's friend Commodore
(later Admiral) Keppel, with whom he sailed to Italy in 1749.
The closely wrapped black shawl suggests her status as a widow,
and her occupation is that of 'knotting',
a fashionable occupation of the time akin to crochet work.

  

Anne Dashwood: 1764

 
The sitter was the daughter of Sir James Dashwood,
Member of Parliament for Oxford
(whose portrait by Seeman is in the Aitken Galleries).

She sat for Reynolds three times in the month preceding
her marriage on June 13, 1764, to John Stewart, Lord Garlies,
later seventh earl of Galloway.
The artist presents her in the traditional guise of a shepherdess,
but wearing rubies, pearls, and a gauze scarf, and with her hair dressed stylishly.

  

Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton: 1783-84

 
Archibald Montgomerie,
11th Earl of Eglinton (18 May 1726 - 30 October 1796)
was a Scottish soldier and Member of Parliament (MP)
in the British Parliament.

  

Augustus Keppel: 1752-53

 
Augustus Keppel was a celebrated British naval commander,
and a close friend of Reynolds.
As the son of the second Earl of Albemarle,
Keppel was also to prove one of Reynolds's most influential patrons.
This portrait, painted immediately after Reynolds's return from Italy in 1752,
was one of his most important early works.
The pose, based on a drawing Reynolds had made of a statue of Apollo,
emphasizes Keppel's heroic qualities.

  

Augustus, 1st Viscount Keppel: (1725-86)

  

Augustus Keppel: 1779

 

Augustus Keppel: 1781-83

 

Boy Holding a Bunch of Grapes: 1770's

 

Brown Boy

 

Captain John Foote: 1761

 
Three-quarter length portrait is of Capt. Foote of East India Co,
who was a friend and neighbor of Reynolds.
He is in Eastern dress, wearing a turban which is accompanied
by the sitter's actual costume.

  

Captain Robert Orme: 1756

   

Caroline, Duchess of Marlborough: 1759-62

  

 
Caroline, Lady Holland: 1757-58

  

 

Catherine, Lady Bampfylde: 1776

 
This portrait was probably commissioned to celebrate the marriage of
Catherine Moore to Charles Warwick Bampfylde in 1776.
Lady Bampfylde's pose is a witty adaptation of the famous classical statue,
the Venus de' Medici then regarded as the embodiment of female beauty.
Catherine, Lady Chambers: 1756

  

 
Charles Burney: 1781

 
Charles Burney was a composer and music historian.
He became famous through a series of travel books based on tours of
France, Italy and Germany.
These included Burney's encounters with celebrated men including
the philosophers Voltaire and Rousseau,
and the composers Gluck and CPE Bach.

 

  

Charles Coote, 1st Earl of Bellamont: 1773

  

Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond: 1758

 
Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond and Lennox (1735-1806),
British statesman, was the elder son of Charles, 2nd Duke of Richmond
(a legitimate descendant of an illegitimate son of King Charles II of England)
and his wife Lady Sarah, daughter of Earl Cadogan.
In 1757 he married Lady Mary Bruce
(see her portrait Mary, Duchess of Richmond).  

In 1765 he was appointed British ambassador extraordinary in Paris,
and in the following year he became a secretary of state.
The Duke was a firm supporter of the American colonists;
and he initiated the debate of 1778 calling
for the removal of troops from America.
 

 

Charles Rogers: 1777

   

Clotworthy Skeffington Later, 1st Earl of Massereene: 1744-46

   

Cimon and Iphigenia: 1780's

 
Cimon and Iphigenia is from Decameron.
Cimon, the son of a nobleman of Cyprus, a handsome,
though coarse and unlettered, youth, fell in love with the girl Iphigenia.
The love made him a miracle;
he was turned into an accomplished and polished courtier.

  

Colonel George K H Coussmaker, Grenadier Guards

    

Colonel Tarleton: 1782

 
The sitter, Colonel Banastre Tarleton (1754 - 1833) distinguished himself
in the American War of Independence, and returned to England
as a lieutenant-colonel about the beginning of 1782.

Later he was Member of Parliament for Liverpool, a general and a baronet. 
 This work was painted in 1782. Tarleton is in the uniform of a troop,
raised during the American campaign, known as the British Legion or
(for the cavalry part) Tarleton's Green Horse, of which he was commandant.

   

Cupid Undoing Venus's Belt: 1788

 

Aphrodite/Venus is well known for her Magic Girdle or embroidered belt,
made of gold filigree crafted lovingly by her husband,
the smith god Hephaestus/Vulcan.

 When she wore it, she was irresistible! Other goddesses sometimes borrowed
this girdle when they wanted to turn on their love light.
When we wear the Girdle of Venus, we surround ourselves in an aura of love,
desire, beauty, magnetism and charm.
This is the natural beauty of our spirit that shines through,
no matter what our physical appearance looks like.

  

Diana Sackville: 1777

  

Dorothy, Countess of Lisburne

   

Edward Morant and His Son John: 1759

  

Elizabeth, Countess of Pembroke and Her Son: 1764-67

 

She was admired by George III in the early 1760's, and became
the principal lady-in-waiting (Mistress of the Robes) to his wife, Queen Charlotte.
The King and Queen stayed for two nights with Elizabeth
and her husband Henry at Wilton House in 1778.

  

Elizabeth, Duchess of Hamilton and Argyll: 1758-59

  

Emily, Duchess of Leinster: 1753

  

 

Emily, Duchess of Leinster: 1770's

  

Francis Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon: 1754

  

Francis Rawdon Hastings

 

"Francis Rawdon-Hastings" was painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds
in Oil on canvas during the Rococo epoch in ca 1789.
The style of the painting is Rococo and the theme represented is Figure.
The painting is currently displayed at Royal Collection, Windsor.

  

Francis Seymour Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford: 1785

  

Frederick, Count of Schaumburg Lippe: 1764-67

   

Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle

  

Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle: 1769

  

Lady Caroline Howard: 1778

   

George Ashby: 1756

  

George Augustus Eliott, Lord Heathfield: 1787

  

George Clive and his Family with an Indian Maid: 1765

 

George Clive was an official of the British East India Company.
His brother, Robert Clive, became governor of Bengal,
having conquered the province.

   

George Grenville, Earl Temple,
Mary Countess Temple and Their Son Richard: 1780-82

   

George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer: 1774-76

 
George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer was an English Whig politician.
Spencer, the son of John Spencer,
1st Earl Spencer was born in 1758 in Wimbledon
and was baptized there on the 16 October 1758.  

His godparents were King George II, Earl Cowper

(his grandmother's second husband)

and his great-aunt the Dowager Viscountess Bateman.

He was educated at Harrow School from 1770 to 1775

and he won the school's Silver Arrow (an archery prize) in 1771.

 

 

 Lavinia Countess Spencer: 1781-82

 

 

 

  

 



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