08. 러시아 국민 화가 일리야 레핀 (Ilya Yefimovich Repin) 5

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▷ 인문기행/- 러시아 Art

08. 러시아 국민 화가 일리야 레핀 (Ilya Yefimovich Repin) 5

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Ceremonial Meeting of the State Council on May 7, 1901년 5월 7일 국가소비에트회의. 1901. 1903. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


1901년 레핀은 러시아 국가의회 100주년을 기념하여 대형 프로젝트를 의뢰받았다.

레핀은 마지막 대작이 된 <1901년 5월7일 국가소비에트회의>를 완성하고 얼마지나지 않아 

오른손 관절을 쓸 수 없게 되었고 이후부터는 왼손으로 그리려고 노력했지만 

이전의 명성에 걸맞는 작품에는 미치지 못했다. 


높이 4미터, 폭 9미터라는 초대형 사이즈로 전시실 하나의 벽을 꽉 채우고 있는 작품, 

'회의'라는 심심할 수밖에 없는 소재를 담으면서도 구도와 인물 배치를 통해 흥미를 유발하는 이 그림은

역사화이자 기록화이면서 거대한 초상화이기도 하다. 

각기 그려진, 상석에서 보고를 받는 황제 니콜라이 2세를 비롯한 

주요 등장 인물들의 초상화가 화면에서 서로 결합하고 있다.

실제로 전시실의 다른 벽은 그 준비 단계에서 그려진 개별 초상화들이 가득 메우고 있다.


이렇게 평민과 귀족, 황족을 가리지 않고 러시아 온 국민들의 사랑을 받았던 일리야 레핀은

혁명의 시대를 지나면서 부르주아적인 예술에 민감했던 볼셰비키로부터도 지지를 받았고

심지어 그가 만년을 보낸 핀란드의 마을 쿠오칼라(Kuokkala)는 겨울전쟁을 통해 소련으로 편입되면서 

레피노(Repino)라는 이름으로 바뀌게 되었으며, 그가 그렸던 사실주의 화풍은

이후 사회주의 리얼리즘이 되어 한 시대를 완전히 지배하게 되었다. 


레핀은 초상화와 풍경화 등에서 매우 뛰어났지만 역사화에서도 두각을 나타냈다. 

이 작품에서 나타나는 사실적인 묘사는 마치 컬러사진을 옮겨 놓은 듯하다.  


화폭 안에 수십 명의 사람들이 있는데도 당장에 니콜라이 2세에게로 시선이 꽂힌다. 

황제가 가운데에 있지 않은데도 눈이 그리로 간다. 

러시아 박물관 가면 한 전시실의 벽면을 거의 다 차지하고 있는 그림이다. 

레핀은 생애 말년을 핀란드의 쿠오칼라에 보냈고 그곳에서 86세를 일기로 생을 마감했다.

레핀이 거주하던 쿠오칼라 마을은 그의 예술적 업적을 기념하여 1948년 레핀의 이름을 따 “레피노”라 개칭되기도 했다.


Ceremonial Meeting of the State Council on May 7 습작.  Date unknown. oil on canvas.


Preparation for the Examination. 1864. oil on canvas. 38 cm X 46 cm

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Job and His Friends. 1869. oil on canvas. 199 X 133 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Vera Shevtsova. 1869. oil on canvas. 67 X 83 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation )


Raising of Jairus Daughter. 1871. oil on canvas. 382 X 229 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Raising of Jairus Daughter. 1871.


Raising of Jairus Daughter. 1871.


Woman (study). oil on canvas. 26  X  40 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Negress. 1876. oil on canvas. 92 X  115 cm

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


On a Turf Bench. 1876. oil on canvas. 56 X  36 cm​

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Vera Repina, the Artist's Wife. 1876. oil on canvas.49 X  59 cm​​.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Sadko. 1876. oil on canvas. 230 X  323 cm​​. The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg,

Russian Federation Sadko In The Underwater Kingdom.


A Shy Peasant. 1877. oil on canvas. 54 x 65 cm. The State Art Museum, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia


Portrait of the Artist Arkhip Kuindzhi. 1877. oil on canvas. 105 X 147 cm

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation )


Two woman. 1878. watercolor.  20 x 30 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Apples and Leaves. 1879. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Efim Repin, the Artist's Father. 1879. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Folk Story-teller V.P. Schegolenkov. 1879.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Polixena Stasova. 1879. oil on canvas. 66 X 75 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg


Send off of recruit. 1879. oil on canvas. 225 X 143 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Maria Artsybasheva. 1880. pencil. 26 X 35 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of the Art Critic Vladimir Stasov. 1883. oil on canvas. 60 X 74 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of the Singer Alexandra Molas. 1883. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Nadezhda Stasova. 1884. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of music editor and patron Mitrofan Petrovich Belyayev. 1886.

oil on canvas. 89 X 125 cm. The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg


Portrait of Vera Repinahe, the Artist's Daughter. 1886. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Nevsky Avenue. 1887. pencil. 41 X 30 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of the Composer Alexander Glazunov. 1887. oil on canvas. 90 X 120 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of the Composer Anton Rubinstein. 1887.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Anton Rubinstein. 1909 ~ 1915.


Portrait of composer and chemist Aleksander Porfirievich Borodin. 1888.

oil on canvas. 138 X 209 cm.The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg


St. Nicholas Saves Three Innocents from Death. 니콜라이 미를리키가 누명을 쓴 세 사람을 구하다​.

1888. oil on canvas. 196 X 215 cm. The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation 


Portrait of Sophia Dragomirova. 1889.oil on canvas.78 X 98 cm​

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Aleksandr Zhirkevich. 1891. pencil. 30 X 41 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of the Lawyer Vladimir Spasovitch. 1891. oil on canvas. 76 X 94 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Storm on the Volga. 1870~1891. oil on canvas. 102 X 55 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Sidor Shavrov. 1892. oil on canvas. 72 X 102 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of the Composer Nikolay Rymsky-Korsakov. 1893. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Nicholas II, The Last Russian Emperor. 1895. oil on canvas. 107 X 210 cm. 

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Nicholas II The Last Russian Emperor. 1896. oil on canvas. 251 X 160 cm. 

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait Of Emperor Nicholas II. 1895​. oil on canvas. 297 X 177 cm

The State Hermitage Museum - St Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Emperor Nicholas II on the porch. 1896. oil on canvas. 


Portrait of the Chello Player Alexander Verzhbilovich. 1895. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Countess Natalia Golovina. 1896. oil on canvas. 59 X 90 cm. 

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


At the Academy Dacha. 1898. oil on canvas. 64 X 106 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Maxim Gorky. 1899. oil on canvas.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


The Vice-President of the Academy of Arts, I.I. Tolstoy.1899 .oil on canvas.

120 X 87 cm. The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of the Art Critic Vladimir Stasov. 1900. oil on canvas. 72 X 197 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Vice Minister of the Interior, cavalry general and member of State Council, 

Count Aleksey Pavlovich Ignatiev (Study). 1902. oil on canvas. 89 X 63 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Konstantin Petrovich Pobedonostsev. 1903. oil on canvas. 53 X 69 cm

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Minister of Ways of Communication and member of State Council, Prince Mikhail Ivanovich Khilkov. 

Study. 1903. oil on canvas. 49 X 59 cm.​ he State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Sergey Vitte. 1903. oil on canvas. 60 X 84 cm.​

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of War Minister, infantry general and member of State Council State Aleksei Nikolayevich Kuropatkin. 1903.

oil on canvas. 44 X 62 cm. Private. collection


What a Freedom. 1903. oil on canvas. 179 X 284.5 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Demonstration on October 17, 1905 . 1906. oil on canvas. 184. X 322 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)



Manifestation. October 17, 1905.  1907. oil on canvas. 182.9 X 127 cm .

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


The Delarov Family Portrait. 1906. oil on canvas. 129.5 x 84.5 cm .

The State Museum Association “Art Culture of the Russian North”


Portrait of countess Sophia Vladimirovna Panina. 1909. oil on canvas,

79 X 107 cm.The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of Vladimir Bekhterev. 1913. oil on canvas. 78 X 107 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Portrait of the Artist Lipgart. 1921. oil on canvas. 90 X 70 cm.

The State Hermitage Museum - St Petersburg  (Russian Federation)


Self-Portrait. 1923. ​ pen and ink. 14 X 9 cm.

The State Russian Museum - Saint Petersburg  (Russian Federation)




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