Theodoor Rombouts (2 July 1597 14 September 1637) was a Flemish Baroque painter specializing in Caravaggesque genre scenes depicting lively dramatic gatherings Rombouts was born and died in Antwerp. He studied under Abraham Janssens and Nicolas Régnier in Antwerp. He traveled to Rome in 1616 and stayed there until 1625. It is possible that in Florence he met the Caravaggist Bartolomeo Manfredi and worked for Cosimo II de' Medici.


When he got back he became a member of the Guild of St. Luke and in 1627 he married Anna van Thielen, the sister of Jan Philip van Thielen, who became his pupil in 1631. From 1628-1630 he was deacon of the Guild in Antwerp. In 1635 Rombouts collaborated with other artists on the decorations of the Joyous Entry of Cardinal-infant Ferdinand in Antwerp, which was under the general direction of Rubens.

According to the early biographer Arnold Houbraken, he was a hard worker and eager learner who visited Italy and other lands, becoming a highly respected master painter on his return.

His pupils were Nicolaas van Eyck, Jan Philips van Thielen and Paulus Robyns.

























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