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    This list of commentaries represents my judgment on what are the best commentaries on each book of the Old Testament. I recognize that there is some subjectivity here, but I have kept in mind the special needs of pastors, associates in ministry, and diaconal ministers rather than of scholars. The commentaries are listed in order of preference, though that order may vary depending on the user's needs or linguistic skills and interests.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     

    An Important Series

    The New Interpreter's Bible. Nashville: Abingdon. These volumes are written by outstanding scholars who provide not only exegesis but hermeneutical and even homiletical helps. If one were to buy a series for oneself or a congregation, this would be the series to buy. (Prices updated June 9, 2002)Volume 1 General and Old Testament Articles; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, 1994, $70.Volume 2 Numbers, Deuteronomy, Introduction to Narrative Literature, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 &2 Samuel, 1998, $70/Volume 3 1 &2 Kings, 1 &2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Tobit, Judith, 1999, $70.Volume 4 Introduction to Hebrew Poetry, Job, Psalms, and 1 and 2 Maccabees, 1996. $70.Volume 5 Introduction to Wisdom Literature; Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Book of Wisdom, Sirach, 1997, $60.Volume 6 Introduction to Prophetic Literature; Isaiah, Jeremiah, Baruch, Letter of Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, 2001, $70.Volume 7 Introduction to Apocalyptic Literature; Daniel, The Twelve Prophets, 1996, $60.

     

    Genesis

    Wenham, Gordon J. Genesis 1-15. Word Biblical Commentary 1. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1987. $29.99; Genesis 16-50. Word Biblical Commentary 2. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1994. $29.99.

    Westermann, Claus. Genesis 1-11. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1984. $52.00.

    ______. Genesis 12-36. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1985. $52.00.

    ______. Genesis 37-50. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1986. $42.00 (축약본이 번역됨)

    Rad, Gerhard Von. Genesis. The Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1973. $35.95.(번역)

     

    Exodus

    Fretheim, Terence E. Exodus. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1991. $28.95.(번역)

    Childs, Brevard S. The Book of Exodus, a Critical, Theological Commentary. The Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1974. $39.95.

     

    Leviticus

    Milgrom, Jacob. Leviticus 1-16 The Anchor Bible 3. Garden City: Doubleday, 1991. $55.

    ______. Leviticus 17-22. The Anchor Bible 3A. Garden City: Doubleday, 2000. $50.

    ______. Leviticus 23-27. The Anchor Bible 3B. Garden City: Doubleday, 2001. $50.Gerstenberger, Erhard S. Leviticus, A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1996. $44.95.

     

    Numbers

    Olson, Dennis T. Numbers. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1996, $24.95.(번역)

    Budd, Philip J. Numbers. Word Biblical Commentary 5. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1984. $29.99.

    Levine, Baruch A. Numbers 1-20. Anchor Bible 4. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1993. $42.50

    .______. Numbers 21-36. Anchor Bible 4a. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 2000. $45.00.

     

    Deuteronomy

    Nelson, Richard D. Deuteronomy: A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2002. $44.95.

    Weinfeld, Moshe. Deuteronomy 1-11. Anchor Bible. Garden City: Doubleday, 1991. $45.00

    Miller, Patrick D. Deuteronomy. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1990. $28.95.(번역)

    Rad, Gerhard von. Deuteronomy. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1966, $34.95.

     

    Joshua

    Nelson, Richard D. Joshua. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1997. $44.95.

    Boling, Robert G. and Wright, G. Ernest. Joshua. The Anchor Bible 6. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1982. $42.50.

    Butler, Trent C. Joshua. Word Biblical Commentary 7. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1983. $29.99.

     

    Judges

    Boling, Robert G. Judges. The Anchor Bible 6A. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975. $35.00.

     

    Ruth

    Nielsen, Kirsten. Ruth, A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1997. $24.95.

    Sakenfeld, Katharine Doob. Ruth. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1999. $21.95.(번역)

    Bush, Frederic. Ruth, Esther. Word Biblical Commentary 9. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1996. $29.99.

    Campbell, Edward F., Jr. Ruth. The Anchor Bible 7. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. $32.50.

     

    1 Samuel

    Klein, Ralph W. 1 Samuel. Word Biblical Commentary 10. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1983. $29.99.

    McCarter, P. Kyle. I Samuel. The Anchor Bible 8. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1980. $40.00.

     

    2 Samuel

    McCarter, P. Kyle. II Samuel. The Anchor Bible 9. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1984. $40.00.

    Anderson, A. A. 2 Samuel. Word Biblical Commentary 11. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1989. $29.99.

     

    1 and 2 Kings

    Jones, G. H. 1 and 2 Kings. Two Volumes. The New Century Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1984. 18.00 each.

    Nelson, Richard. First and Second Kings. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1987. $28.95.(번역)

    Cogan, Mordechai. 1 Kings. Anchor Bible 10. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 2001. $50.

    Cogan, Mordechai and Tadmor, Hayim. 2 Kings. Anchor Bible. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1988. $20.

     

    1 and 2 Chronicles

    Japhet, Sara. I &II Chronicles. The Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, 1993. $55.95.

    Williamson, H. G. M. 1 and 2 Chronicles. New Century Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982. $21.00.

    Braun, Roddy L. 1 Chronicles. Word Biblical Commentary 14. Waco: Word Books, 1986. $29.99.

    Dillard, Raymond B. 2 Chronicles. Word Biblical Commentary 15. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1987. $29.99.

     

    Ezra and Nehemiah

    Williamson, H. G. M. Ezra, Nehemiah. Word Biblical Commentary 16. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1985. $29.99.

    Blenkinsopp, Joseph. Ezra-Nehemiah. Old Testament Library, Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1988. $39.95.

     

    Esther

    Levenson, Jon D. Esther, A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1997. $24.95.

    Bush, Frederic. See Ruth.Moore, Carey A. Esther. Anchor Bible 7B. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971. $29.00.

     

    Job

    Habel, Norman. Job. Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster John Knox, 1985. $44.95.

    Clines, David J. A. Job 1-20. Word Biblical Commentary 17. Waco, TX: Word, 1989. $29.99.

    Janzen, Gerald J. Job. Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1986. $28.95

     

    .Psalms

    Craigie, Peter C. Psalms 1-50. Word Biblical Commentary 19. Waco TX: Word Books, 1983. $29.99.

    Tate, Marvin E. Psalms 51-100. Word Biblical Commentary 20. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1990. $29.99.

    Allen, Leslie C. Psalms 101-150. Word Biblical Commentary 21. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1983. $29.99.

    Anderson, A. A. Psalms. Two volumes. New Century Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, $26.00; 21.00.

    Kraus, Hans Joachim. Psalms 1-59. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1988. $51.00; Psalms 60-150. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1999. $51.00.

     

    Proverbs

    Clifford, Richard. Proverbs. The Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1999. $39.95.

    Murphy, Roland E. Proverbs. Word Biblical Commentary. Word Books, 1998. $29.99.

    Perdue, Leo G. Proverbs. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2000. $29.95

    Fox, Michael V. Proverbs 1-9. Anchor Bible 18A. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 2000. $42.50.

     

    Ecclesiastes

    Seow, Choon-Leong. Ecclesiastes. Anchor Bible 18C. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1997. $39.95.

    Lohfink, Norbert. Qoheleth. Continental Commentary Series. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2002. $23.

    Crenshaw, James L. Ecclesiastes, A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster John Knox, 1987. $25.95.

    Murphy, Roland E. Ecclesiastes. Word Biblical Commentary 23A. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1992. $29.99.

     

    Song of Solomon

    Murphy, Roland. The Song of Songs: A Commentary on the Book of Canticles or the Song of Songs. Hermeneia. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1990. $43.00.

    Keel, Othmar. The Song of Songs. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1994. $36.00.

    Pope, Marvin H. Song of Songs. The Anchor Bible 7C. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1977. $44.95.

     

    Isaiah

    Childs, Brevard S. Isaiah. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2000. $59.95.

    Lengthy review by Marvin A. Sweeney

     

    First Isaiah

    Blenkinsopp, Joseph. Isaiah 1-39. Anchor Bible 19. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 2000. $50.00.

    Jensen, Joseph, O.S.B. Isaiah 1-39. Old Testament Message 8. Wilmington: Michael Glazier, 1984. $14.95.

    Seitz, Christopher R. Isaiah 1-39. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, 1993. $28.95.

    Sweeney, Marvin A. Isaiah 1-39, with an Introduction to Prophetic Literature. The Forms of the Old Testament Literature 16. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996. $45.

    Wildberger, Hans. Isaiah 1-12. Continental Commentary Series. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1991. $51.

    ______. Isaiah 13-27. Continental Commentary Series. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1997. $65.

    ______. Isaiah 28-39. Continental Commentary Series. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2002. $75.

     

    Second and Third Isaiah

    Baltzer, Klaus. Deutero-Isaiah. Hermeneia. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2001. $78.

    Hanson, Paul D. Isaiah 40-66. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1995. $28.95.

    Westermann, Claus. Isaiah 40-66. The Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1969. $34.95.

     

    Jeremiah

    Lundbom, Jack R. Jeremiah 1-20. Anchor Bible 21A. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1999. $49.00.

    Thompson, J. A. The Book of Jeremiah. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980. $48.00.

    Holladay, William L. Jeremiah 1. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986. $53.00. (covers Jeremiah 1-25)

    ______. Jeremiah 2. Hermeneia. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1989. $53.00 (covers Jeremiah 26-52; introductory matters).

    McKane, William. Jeremiah 1. International Critical Commentary. T &T Clark, 1986. $69.95. (covers Jeremiah 1-25)

    ______. Jeremiah 2. International Critical Commentary. T &T Clark, 1996. $69.95 (covers Jeremiah 26-52)

     

    Lamentations

    Berlin, Adele. Lamentations. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2002, $39.95.

    Hillers, Delbert R. Lamentations. Anchor Bible 7A. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1972. $28.00.

     

    Ezekiel

    Zimmerli, Walther. Ezekiel 1, A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel, Chapters 1-24. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1979. $51.00.

    ______. Ezekiel 2, A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Ezekiel, Chapters 25-48. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983. $52.00.

    Klein, Ralph W. Ezekiel. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1988. $29.95.

    Block, Daniel I. The Book of Ezekiel. Chapters 1-24. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997. $48

    .______. The Book of Ezekiel. Chapters 25-48. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998. $50.

    Greenberg, Moshe. Ezekiel, 1-20. Anchor Bible 22. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1983. $29.00.

    ______Ezekiel, 21-37. Anchor Bible 22A. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1997. $39.95.Allen, Leslie C. Ezekiel 1-19. Word Biblical Commentary 28. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1994. $29.99;

    ______. Ezekiel 20-48. Word Biblical Commentary 29. Waco, TX: Word Books, 1990. $29.99.

     

    Daniel

    Collins, John J. Daniel. Hermeneia. Minneapolis: Fortress, $50.00.

    Goldingay, John E. Word Biblical Commentary 30. Dallas: Word Books, 1989. $34.99.

    Towner, W. Sibley. Daniel. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1985. $24.95.

     

    Hosea

    Davies, G. I. Hosea: The New Century Bible Commentary. Grands Rapids, Eerdmans, 1992. $21.00). (paper)

    Mays, James Luther. Hosea. The Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1969. $29.95.

    Wolff, Hans Walter. Hosea. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, $48.00.

    Limburg, James. Hosea-Micah. Interpretation A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, 1988. $24.95.

     

    Joel

    Barton, John. Joel and Obadiah. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2001. $39.95

    Crenshaw, James L. Joel. Anchor Bible 24C. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1995. $34.95.

    Wolff, Hans Walter. Joel and Amos. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, $49.00.

    Limburg, James. See under Hosea

    Allen, Leslie C. The Books of Joel, Obadiah, Jonah and Micah. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, $36.00.

     

    Amos

    Paul, Shalom. Amos. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1991. $53.00.

    Jeremias, Jörg. The Book of Amos. The Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1998. $29.95.

    Wolff, Hans Walter. See under Joel.Limburg, James. See under Hosea.

     

    Obadiah

    Barton, John. See under Joel.Raabe, Paul R. Obadiah. Anchor Bible 24D. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1996. $34.95.

    Wolff, Hans Walter. Obadiah and Jonah. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1986. $38.00

    Limburg, James. See under Hosea

    Allen, Leslie C. See under Joel.

     

    Jonah

    Limburg, James. Jonah, A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1993. $25.95.

    Sasson, Jack M. Jonah. Anchor Bible 24B. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1990. $32.50.

    Wolff, Hans Walter. See under ObadiahAllen, Leslie C. See under Joel.

     

    Micah

    Hillers, Delbert R. Micah. Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984. $33.00.

    Andersen, Francis I. and David Noel Freedman. Micah. Anchor Bible 24E. New York: Doubleday, 2000. $42.50.

    Limburg, James. See under HoseaAllen, Leslie C. See under Joel.

     

    Nahum

    Roberts, J. J. M. Nahum, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah. The Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1991. $34.95.

    Achtemeier, Elizabeth. Nahum--Malachi. Interpretation. A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1986. $28.95.(번역)

     

    Habakkuk

    Roberts, J. J. M. See under Nahum.Andersen, Francis I. Habakkuk. Anchor Bible 25. New York: Doubleday, 2001. $45.

    Achtemeier, Elizabeth. See under Nahum.

     

    Zephaniah

    Berlin, Adele. Zephaniah. Anchor Bible 25A. New York: Doubleday, 1994. $29.00.

    Roberts, J. J. M. See under Nahum.

    Achtemeier, Elizabeth. See under Nahum.

     

    Haggai and Zechariah 1-8

    Petersen, David L. Haggai and Zechariah 1-8. The Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1984. $34.95.

    Meyers, Carol L. and Eric M. Meyers. Haggai, Zechariah 1-8. The Anchor Bible 25B. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1987. $40.00.

    Redditt, Paul L. Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. NCBC; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995. $16.00. (Paper)

    Achtemeier, Elizabeth. See under Nahum.

     

    Zechariah 9-14

    Meyers, Carol L. and Eric M. Meyers. Zechariah 9-14. The Anchor Bible 25C. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1993. $40.

    Petersen, David L. Zechariah 9-14, Malachi. The Old Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1995. $34.95.

    Achtemeier, Elizabeth. See under Nahum.

     

    Malachi

    Hill, Andrew. Malachi. Anchor Bible 25D. Garden City, Doubleday, 1998. $37.95.

    Petersen, David L. See under Zechariah 9-14.

    Redditt, Paul L. See under Haggai.

    Achtemeier, Elizabeth. See under Nahum.

    Verhoef, Pieter A. See under Haggai.

     

     

    One Volume Commentaries

     

    By far the best:

    Brown, Raymond E.,

    S. S., Fitzmyer,

    Joseph A., S. J.,

    Murphy, Roland E.,

    O. Carm. The New Jerome Biblical Commentary.

    Englewood Cliffs,

    NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1990. $

     

    Also useful:Mays, James L. ed. Harper's Bible Commentary. $32.50.





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