일리야 예피모비치 레핀의 작품세계 Ⅱ

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일리야 예피모비치 레핀의 작품세계 Ⅱ

淸岩 張基萬
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일리야 예피모비치 레핀의 작품세계 Ⅱ

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일리아 레핀(Ilya Yefimovich Repin, 1844~1930)

 

 

러시아 리얼리즘 회화의 거장으로 역사적 주제를 극적으로 힘차게 다룬 민중화가. 수리코프(Vasilii Ivanovich Surikov, 1848~1916)와 19세기 후반의 러시아 미술의 쌍벽을 이루었다.

 

우크라이나 츄구예프출생. 하급군인의 아들로 태어난 그는 1863년부터 6년 동안 상트페테르부르크의 미술학교에서 수업하였으며 졸업 시에 금메달을 수상하였으며 장학금으로 프랑스와 이탈리아를 여행할 수 있었다.

 

졸업 후 2년 만에 최초의 걸작 《볼가의 예선인부(曳船人夫)들 Barge Haulers on the Volga》(1873)로 유럽 화단에 알려지기 시작했다. 1872년부터 1878년까지 여러 나라를 순방하며 렘브란트를 포함한 서구의 고전을 연구하였으며, 귀국한 후에는 러시아의 역사적 사건을 묘사하는 일에 열중하였다.

 

1870년대 후반부터 1890년대 초에 걸쳐《보제장(補祭長)》《무소르크스키상(像)》(1881),《쿠르스크현(縣)의 십자가 행렬 Religious Procession in Kursk Gubernia》(1880~83),《이반 그로즈니와 그의 아들 이반, 1581년 11월 16일 Ivan Grozny and His Son Ivan, November 16, 1581〉(1885) 및 가장 잘 알려진《터키 추장에게 답장을 엮는 자포로제의 코사크들 Zaporozhian Cossacks》(1891) 등 극적 긴장과 구성의 중량감에 찬 역작을 발표했다.

 

인상파의 기법혁신을 별로 중요시하지 않았던 레핀은 예리한 사색과 관조에 의거한 모티프의 선택·해석은 매우 독특하여, 인민주의 혁명가의 묘사에 있어서도 인물의 내면적 모순을 미묘하게 파헤쳤다. 많은 작품에서 제정 러시아의 사회악에 대한 항의의 정신을 짙게 나타내었다.

 

그는 말년에 아카데미로 되돌아가 학생지도에 전념하면서 대작(大作)을 발표했으나 지난날의 박력에는 미치지 못하였다. 1930년 핀란드에서 사망하였다.

"나는 러시아와 그 역사에 매혹되었고, 이곳에서 나의 시야에 들어오는 대부분의 모습은

화폭에 담아 달라고 애원하는 것 같았다"            - 일리아 레핀 Repin, Ilya Yefimovich

 
 
Self-Portrait 1887 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

Portrait of Emperor Nicholas II (sketch). 1896, Oil on canvas.

251 × 160 cm. The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg

 

 

The Annual Memorial Meeting Near the Wall of theCommunards in the Cemetery of Père-Lachaise in Paris 1883 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation
 

 

Wedding of Nicholas II and Alexandra Fyodorovna,1894,

oil on canvas,98.5×125.5 cm, Russian Museum

 

 

Pushkin Reciting His Poem Before Old Derzhavin, 1911, Oil on canvas.

123,7 × 195,5 cm. All-Russia A. S. Pushkin Museum, St. Petersburg

 

 

Demonstration on October 17, 1905, 1907, 1911 (modified),

oil on canvas, 182.9 × 322.6 cm, Russian Museum  

 

 

On a Turf Bench 1876 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 
What a Freedom! 1903 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

 
The Surgeon E. Pavlov in the Operating Theater 1888 Oil on cardboard
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

Portrait of Leo Tolstoy as a Ploughman on a Field 1887 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation
 
A Newspaper Seller in Paris 1873 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

 
Refusal of the Confession 1879 - 1885 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation
 
 
River Bank. 1876 Oil on canvas
The K Savitsky Picture Gallery, Penza, Russian Federation
 
Choosing a Bride for a Grand Duke 1884 Oil on canvas
The Art Gallery, Perm, Russian Federation
 
Barge Haulers by Campfire. 1870 Oil on canvas
The Museum of the Academy of Arts, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 
 
The Revolutionary Meeting 1883  Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation
 
 
Stone Guest. Don Juan and Donna Anna 1885  Oil on canvas
The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russian Federation
 
 
Portrait of the Poet Afanasy Fet 1882 Oil on canvas
 
 
Portrait of the Artist 1880 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation
 
 
Portrait of Savva Mamontov 1880  Oil on canvas
The Theater Museum of A A Bakhrushin, Moscow, Russian Federation
  
 
Portrait of K. Pobedonostsev 1903 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 

 
Portrait of the Artist 1885 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

Portrait of the Artist 1882 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation
 

 

Portrait of V. K. Pleve 1902 Oil on canvas 
The Art Museum of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus
 
 
Study of an Old Man 1878 
 

Portrait of Dmitry Mendeleev 1885 Watercolouron paper
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

Portrait of the Author Leonid Andreev 1905
Museum of Fine Arts, Omsk, Russian Federation
 

 
Portrait of the Actor Pavel Samoylov 1915  Oil on canvas
Portrait of Professor Ivanov 1882  59 x 49 cm

 

 

Vsevolod Mikhailovich Garshin 1884 89 x 69 cm
 
 
A Belorussian. Portrait of Sidor Shavrov 1892 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 

 

Portrait of Efim Repin, the Artist's Father 1879 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 
 
Portrait of the Artist 1877  Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 
 
Portrait of the Military Engineer Andrey Delvig 1882 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation
 
 
A Shy Peasant 1877 Oil on canvas
The State Art Museum, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russian Federation 
 
Portrait of the Chello-Player Alexander Verzhbilovich 1895  Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

 

Portrait of Maxim Gorky 1899 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

Portrait of the Narrator of the Folk Tales V. Tschegolionkov 1879 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 
Portrait of Ivan Zvetkov 1907 Oil on wood
Ryazan Art Museum, Ryazan, Russian Federation
Portrait of the Composer Alexander Glazunov 1887 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

Portrait of the Surgeon Nikolay Pirogov 1881 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

 
Portrait of the Lawyer Vladimir Spasovitch 1891 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

Portrait of the Art Critic Vladimir Stasov 1889 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

 
Portrait of the Author Vladimir Korolemko 1912 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

 
Portrait of the Artist 1878 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

 
Portrait of the Artist 1877 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

 

 

 

Portrait of an archdeacon, 1877, oil on canvas, 97.5 x 125.5 cm,

Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

 

 

Portrait of Isaak Brodsky, 1913, Oil on canvas. 74 × 49.5 cm. Private collection


 
Portrait of V. V. Verevkina 1916 Oil on canvas
The Art Gallery, Perm, Russian Federation

 
Portrait of Polixena Stasova 1879 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 

 

Portrait of the Singer Alexandra Molas 1883 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 
 
Portrait of Countess Natalia Golovina 1896  Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 

 
Portrait of a Boy 1867  Oil on canvas
The Taganrog Picture Gallery, Taganrog, Russian Federation
 
 
Ukranian Girl 1875 Oil on canvas Private collection


 
Portrait of Nadezhda Stasova 1884 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
 
Portrait of Sophia Dragomirova 1889 Oil on canvas
The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation 
 
 
Portrait of the Actress Pelageya Strepetova 1882 Oil on canvas
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russian Federation

 
Portrait of Maria Andreeva 1905 Oil on canvas
The Art Museum of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus
Ukranian Girl by a Fence 1876 Oil on canvas
The Art Museum of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus
 
 
Portrait of E. Mamontova 1874 - 1879  Oil on canvas
The State Art Museum Abramtsevo, Moscow, Russian Federation
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