장 앙투완 와토의 작품세계- Jean Antoine Watteau 

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외국화가/英,플랑드르화가

장 앙투완 와토의 작품세계- Jean Antoine Watteau 

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장 앙투완 와토의 작품세계- Jean Antoine Watteau 

 

 

 

장 앙투완 와토[프랑스 화가-Jean Antoine Watteau: 1684~1721]

 

북프랑스 발랑시엔 출생. 로코코 회화의 창시자.  

1702년 파리로 나와 당시 그랑드 오페라극장의 장식화가였던 C.질로에게 배우고 이어 장식화가 C.오드랑의 조수가 되어, 주로 인물 사생과 희극 배우들을 스케치했다.  오드랑은 당시 뤽상부르궁의 어용화가로 일하고 있었기 때문에,   그와의 접촉으로 궁전에 있는 루벤스나 플랑드르계 명화를 접하고 감화를 받게 되었다.  그리고 그후 16세기 베네치아파에서도 영향을 받아, 점차 로코코회화의 창시자로서의 작풍을 확립해 나갔다.

1717년 왕립아카데미 정회원이 된 기념으로 그린 
'키테라섬의 순례(루브르미술관 소장)'로 명성을 떨쳤는데  

이 그림 속에는 와토 예술의 특색이 잘 나타나 있다.  그는 당시 베르사유 궁전을 중심으로 꽃핀 화려한 왕조 문화의 궁전 풍속을 비롯하여  주로 프랑스 상류 사회에서 펼쳐지고 있던,  밝고 우아하며 어딘지 모르게 관능적인 매력을 풍기는 풍속이나 취미에 적합한 작풍을 전개하여  '아연(雅宴:fete galante)'으로 불리는 로코코 회화 특유의 테마와 정서를 확립해가고 있었다.   

 

자연 관찰에 착실하였으며,  그의 작풍을 이어받은 다른 로코코화가들에게서는 찾아볼 수 없는 풍요함이 깃들어 있었다.  육체적으로 연약했던 바토는 일찍부터 폐병을 앓아  1720년 요양차 런던에 갔다가 건강이 악화되어 다시 파리에 되돌아왔다.  

 

런 와중에서도 친구 제르생이 화상을 시작하였을 때,  가게의 간판 그림으로  평생의 걸작 '제르생의 간판(베를린 샤를로템부르크궁 소장)'을 그리기까지 하였다.  이 그림을 완성하고 얼마 안 가서 37세의 나이로 세상을 떠났으나,  그는 18세기의 전 유럽에 많은 영향을 미쳤다.  



 
The Country Dance, 1706-10, oil on canvas , 19.5 cm X 23.63 cm
Indianapolis Museum of Art (United States)
 
 
Harlequin, Emperor on the Moon, 1707 , oil on canvas , 65 cm X 82 cm,
Musée des Beaux-Arts - Nantes (France)
 
 
Ceiling Decoration, 1707-1708 ,oil on panel ,120 cm X 96 cm,Private collection


The Faun, 1707-1709 , oil on panel ,88 cm X 39 cm
Musée des Beaux Arts - Valenciennes


 
The Charmer, 1707-1708 ,oil on panel , 79.5 cm X 39 cm
Musée des Beaux Arts - Valenciennes
 
 
Children Imitating a Triumphal Procession  (also known as Triumph of Cupid)
 1707-1708 , chalk,  16.2 cm x 21.4 cm, California Palace of the Legion of Honor - San Francisco (United States
Satire on Physicians, , 1708~1709,   oil on panel

 Pushkin Museum of Fine Art, Moscow, Russia

 

The Island of Cythera, 1709 , oil on canvas , 43.1 cm X 53.3 cm
Städel Museum - Frankfurt (Germany)
 
  
The Rest, 1709 ,  oil on canvas , 32 cm X 42.5 cm,
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum - Madrid (Spain)
 
 
The Bivouac, 1710 , oil on canvas , 32 cm X 45 cm
Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts - Moscow (Russian Federation)
 
 
Cupid's Realm,1710 ,  oil on canvas ,13 cm X 17.8 cm ,Private collection
The Fortune Teller, 1710 ,  oil on panel , 27 cm X 28 cm
California Palace of the Legion of Honor - San Francisco (United States)
On the March,  1710, oil on canvas , 32.3 cm X 30.6 cm
York Museums Trust (United Kingdom)
Sculpture, 1710 ,oil on canvas , 22 cm X 21 cm
Musee des Beaux-Arts - Orleans
Woman Cleaning Copper, 1710 , oil on canvas , 53 cm X 44 cm
Musee des Beaux-Arts - Strasbourg (France)
 
Study Of A Woman's Head, 1710, chalk ,33 cm X 23 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)
The Bird Nester, ​1710,   oil on canvas, panel , 23.17 x 18.7 cm
 National Galleries of Scotland
 

Sketch With Two Figures, 1710-15


 
Pierrot Content, 1712, oil on canvas , 35 cm X 31 cm,
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum - Madrid (Spain)


 
Actors Of The Comedie-Francaise, 1712

The Seducer, 1712,   oil on  metal ,  18.5 x 25.5 cm

 

 
The Village Bride, 1712 ,oil on canvas , 65 cm X 92 cm
Sanssouci Picture Gallery - Potsdam
 
The Burdens of War, 1713 , Oil on copper ,21.5 cm X 33 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)
The Marriage Contract, 1713 , oil on canvas, 47 cm X 55 cm
Museo del Prado - Madrid (Spain)
Party of Four, 1713 , oil on canvas , 49.5 cm X 63 cm
California Palace of the Legion of Honor - San Francisco (United States)
Respite from War, 1713 ,Oil on copper ,21.5 cm X 33 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)
The Dreamer, 1714 , oil on panel, 23.2 cm X 17 cm
Art Institute of Chicago (United States)
The French Theater, 1714 , oil on cardboard ,  37 cm X 48 cm
Gemäldegalerie - Berlin (Germany)
Gathering by the Fountain of Neptune,  1714​, oil on canvas ,  48 cm x 56 cm
Museo Nacional del Prado - Madrid (Spain)
Voulez-vous Triompher des Belles, 1714-1717 , oil on canvas,36 cm X 27 cm
Wallace Collection - London (United Kingdom)

Three Studies Of A Lady With A Hat, 1715,   chalk on paper ,  21 x 31.3 cm

 Musée Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium


 
Cupid Disarmed, 1715 , oil on canvas , 47 cm X 38 cm
Musee Condé - Chantilly (France)
Le Donneur de sérénades, 1715 , oil on panel, 24 cm X 17 cm
Musee Condé - Chantilly (France)
The Seamstress ,  1715 , ​chalk ,  22 cm x 17.8 cm ,  Private collection  
 

Diana At Her Bath, 1715-16
Arlequin, Pierrot and Scapin, ​1716,   oil on  canvas

Musee des Beaux Arts, Moulins, France

 

Autumn, 1716, ​  oil on  canvas ,  Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

The Worried Lover, 1715-1717 , oil on panel ,24 cm X 17.5 cm
Musee Condé - Chantilly (France)
The Deposition, after Leandro Bassano, 1715-1721 ,Private collection
The Union of Comedy and Music, oil on canvas , 64.7 cm x 54 cm ,
 Private collection
 
 
Venetian Landscape , 1715-1716 ,chalk,  22.3 cm x 30.4 cm ,
California Palace of the Legion of Honor - San Francisco (United States)

Portrait Of A Gentleman, 1715-20

The Indiscreet Man,1716,   oil on canvas, 55 cm X 66 cm
Museum Boymans van Beuningen - Rotterdam (Netherlands)
 
 
River Landscape, 1716 .oil on canvas transferred from panel , 70 cm X 106 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)


 
The Italian Theater(Comedy), 1717, oil on cardboard , 37 cm X 48 cm
Gemäldegalerie - Berlin (Germany)



Gilles And His Family, 1716


Savoyard With A Marmot, 1716,oil on canvas ,  40.5 cm X 32.5 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)


Two Cousines, 1716,oil on canvas ,30.5 cm X 36 cm
Musee du Louvre - Paris (France)



An Embarrassing Proposal, 1715~1716, oil on canvas , 65 cm X 84.5 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)

Sitting Couple, 1716,   chalk on  paper ,  24.1 x 34.9 cm

 Armand Hammer Museum of Art and Cultural Centre, Los Angeles, USA

 
 
Autumn, 1716 , oil on canvas , 48 cm X 40.5 cm, Musee du Louvre - Paris (France)
The Concert,1716,  oil on canvas ,66 cm X 91 cm
Sanssouci Picture Gallery - Potsdam
The Lesson of Love, 1716, oil on panel ,  44 x 61 cm

 Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden

Pastoral Leisure, 1716 ,  oil on panel , 31 cm X 44 cm
Musee Condé - Chantilly (France)



Gathering In The Park, 1716-17



Two Seated Women, 1716-17, chalk on  paper,  21.2 x 35.2 cm

 Musée du Louvre, Paris, France




Voulez-vous Triompher des Belles 1714-17,  oil on canvas,  36 cm x 27 cm,
Wallace Collection - London (United Kingdom )

Italian Recreation, 1715,   oil on canvas , 71 x 94 cm , 
Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany
 
Nymph and Satyr, or Jupiter and Antiope, ​1715,   oil on canvas ,  73.5 x 107.5 cm

 Musée du Louvre, Paris, France



Merry Company In The Open Air, 1716-19

The Embarkation For Cythera, 1717,oil on canvas ,129 cm X 194 cm
Musee du Louvre - Paris (France)
The Adventuress, ​1717,   oil on  metal ,  Musée des Beaux Arts, Troyes, France

 

The Delicate Musician, 1717,   oil on  panel , 25 x 19 cm

 Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

The Feasts of Venice, 1717, ​  oil on  canvas ,  56 x 46 cm

 National Galleries of Scotland

Landscape with Goat, 1717 , oil on panel, 26.5 cm X 18.5 cm
Musee du Louvre - Paris (France)
The Pleasures of the Ball,  1717,  oil on cardboard , 52.6 cm X 65.4 cm
Dulwich Picture Gallery - London (United Kingdom)



La Gamme D'Amour(The Scale of Love), 1715-1718 ,oil on canvas ,50.8 cm X 59.7 cm
National Gallery - London (United Kingdom)

The Festival Of Love, 1717,   oil on  canvas ,  61 x 75 cm



L'Indifferent, 1717,   oil on  panel , 26 x 19 cm

 Musée du Louvre, Paris, France



 

 

The Champs Élyssées, 1716~1717, oil on  panel , 31.4 x 40.6 cm,

 Wallace Collection, London

 
Entertainment countryside,   oil on  canvas ,  88 x 125 cm, 
 Wallace Collection, London
Nude with Right Arm Raised,chalk on  paper ,  28.2 x 23.3 cm

Musée du Louvre, Paris, France 

 

Ceres (Summer), 1717-1718,  oil on canvas, 141.6 cm X 115.7 cm
National Gallery of Art - Washington DC (United States)
Fountain Nymph, 1717-1718 , oil on canvas, 74.3 cm X 78.4 cm , Private collection
Study of a Standing Actor, in the Costume of Mezzetin,1717-1718 ,  chalk , 
 39.1 cm X 23.1 cm , Private collection
The Declaration, 1718 ​, oil on copper , 21.9 cm x 16.4 cm,
 Private collection
 

Mezzetin, 1720, oil on canvas , 55.2 cm X 43.2 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York, NY (United States)

The Holy Family, 1717-19

 
The Shepherds, 1717-19 , oil on canvas , 56 x 81 cm

Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany

The Coquettes, 1718 ,oil on panel, 20.2 cm X 25 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)
 


Les Charmes De La Vie, 1718,   oil on canvas ,  65 x 93 cm

 Wallace Collection, London




La Boudeuse, 1718,oil on canvas ,42 cm X 34 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)


Peaceful Love, 1718~1719, oil on canvas ,  56 x 81 cm, 
Schloss Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany
Gathering in a Park, 1718 , oil on panel , 32.4 cm X 46.4 cm,
Musee du Louvre - Paris (France
Surprise,1718 , oil on panel, 36.3 cm X 28.2 cm , Private collection
The Happy Day, 1718,  oil on panel , 20.7 cm X 23.7 cm
Kimbell Art Museum - Fort Worth (United States)
The Italian Serenade, 1718 , oil on panel , 24 cm X 17 cm
Nationalmuseum - Stockholm (Sweden)
The Perspective, 1718 , oil on canvas , 46.7 cm X 55.3 cm
Museum of Fine Arts - Boston (United States)
The Toilette, 1718 , oil on canvas, 44 cm X 37 cm, 44 cm X 37 cm
Wallace Collection - London (United Kingdom)
Venetian Pleasure, 1718, oil on canvas , 56 cm X 46 cm
National Galleries of Scotland - Edinburgh (United Kingdom)


Pilgrimage To Cythera(Embarkation for Cythera),1719 ,  oil on canvas
129 cm X 194 cm, Charlottenburg Palace - Berlin (Germany)
Meeting in the Open Air,1719 , oil on canvas,  60 cm X 75 cm
Gemaldegalerie Alte Meister - Dresden (Germany)


Pierrot, called Gilles, 1718-20, oil on canvas , 174.5 cm X 149.5 cm
Musee du Louvre - Paris (France)

 

The Anxious Lover, 1719, oil on canvas , 41 cm X 32 cm ,
Palacio Real - Madrid (Spain)
The Champs-Elysées, 1719 ,oil on canvas , 33 cm X 43 cm
Wallace Collection - London (United Kingdom)
The Misstep, 1719 ,oil on canvas , 40 cm X 31.5 cm
 Musee du Louvre - Paris (France)
The Music Lesson, 1719 ,  oil on panel , 18 cm X 23 cm
Wallace Collection - London (United Kingdom)
The Pleasures of Love, 1719 , oil on canvas,  61 cm X 75 cm
Gemaldegalerie Alte Meister - Dresden (Germany)
The Dance, 1719-1720 ,oil on canvas ,97 cm X 116 cm
Gemäldegalerie - Berlin (Germany)

 

 

Sylvia (Portrait of Jeanne Rose Guyonne Benozzi), 1720,   oil on  canvas ,  National Gallery of Art, Washingon, DC, USA


Actors From The Comedie Francaise, 1720,oil on canvas , 57.2 cm X 73 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art - New York, NY (United States)

A Halt During The Chase, 1720,oil on canvas , 124 cm X 187 cm
Wallace Collection - London (United Kingdom)


Italian Comedians, 1720,oil on canvas , 63.8 cm X 76.2 cm,
National Gallery of Art - Washington DC (United States)

 

Diana Bathing, 1721 , oil on canvas , 80 cm X 101 cm
Musee du Louvre - Paris (France) 
Entertainment in the Open Air, 1721 ,oil on canvas , 111 cm X 163 cm
Gemäldegalerie - Berlin (Germany)
Fetes Champetre (Pastoral Gathering), 1721 ,  oil on panel , 48.6 cm X 64.5 cm
Art Institute of Chicago (United States)
Gersaint's Shopsign (also known as L'Enseigne de Gersaint), 1720-1721 ,
oil on canvas .163 cm X 306 cm, Charlottenburg Palace - Berlin (Germany)
In the Costume of Mezzetin, 1720-1721 , tempera on canvas , 28 cm X 21 cm
Wallace Collection - London (United Kingdom)
The Judgement of Paris, 1720-1721 , oil on panel , 47 cm X 30.7 cm
 Musee du Louvre - Paris (France)
Rest on the Flight into Egypt, 1721 , oil on canvas ,129 cm X 97.2 cm
Hermitage Museum - St-Petersburg (Russian Federation)
The Galant Soldier, Date unknown , watercolor , 16 cm X 20 cm
Musée Fabre - Montpellier (France)
Pastoral Concert, Date unknown ,  oil on panel , 59.4 cm X 49 cm ,
Private collection
Portrait of Antoine-Joseph Pater,Date unknown , oil on canvas , 80.5 cm X 63.8 cm
Musée des Beaux Arts - Valenciennes
Real Joy, Date unknown , oil on panel ,  23.1 cm X 17.2 cm
Musée des Beaux Arts - Valenciennes
The Camp. ​oil on  canvas , 32 x 45 cm,  Pushkin Museum of Fine Art, Moscow, Russia
The Capricious Girl,   oil on  canvas ,  42 x 134 cm

 Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia

The Flautist, ​  oil on canvas , Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy

A Seated Woman, Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, USA
Back of Woman,   engraving on paper ,  Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, France
Head of a Man,   chalk on  paper , 14.9 x 13 cm

 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City

Standing Man, ​engraving on  paper, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, France

 

Studies of Women's Heads, : sketch and study, Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

 

 

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